Puppy eyes were never embodied this well before. Fondly known as Cavies, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel may be tiny, but it will steal your heart. These tiny dogs can be surprisingly athletic, and some are even bred for dog shows! But can you actually own a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in India? Read on to know more about this adorable pup.
Is The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Popular In India?
Toy breeds and smaller, cuter dogs are increasingly becoming common in India. More and more people are opting for these breeds – though higher maintenance, they are quite cute. The tiny size of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel makes them convenient pets in the largely apartment-based living in India. Though they are high maintenance, people with the time, money and inclination are increasingly opting for this breed in India i.e. it is steadily gaining popularity.
Availability In India
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are available in India, but it will take a little looking around. Always opt for a breeder that seems established and trustworthy. You can even look up families that have puppies on sale.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Price In India
The price of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy in India ranges from ₹60,000 to over a Lakh. Basic puppies start at Rs. 60,000, while Kennel Club of India registered pups cost more. Show quality puppies start from a Lakh.
Monthly Maintenance Cost Of A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog
The monthly maintenance of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will be approximately between Rs. 2,000 and Rs. 6,000. They do not require much in terms of grooming, but ensure you keep regularly brushing and bathing them. Regularly trim their nails and brush their teeth as well.
See also: Dog Prices in India
History And Popularity
Toy spaniels were a favorite among European royalty. One monarch in particular, King Charles and his son Charles II, were well known for their love of a particular breed of toy spaniels. Big eyed and silky haired, these lap dogs were behind an alleged accusation that King Charles tended to them more than he did to the affairs of his kingdom! No wonder the dogs were named after the monarchs. Overtime and due to breeding, the original breed was long forgotten for another that had a much flatter face. This was said to be due to breeding with Asian toy dogs like the pug and Japanese Chin.
However, a wealthy American named Roswell Eldridge offered a cash price to breeders who could bring forth a toy spaniel that resembled the long-snouted ones of old. Encouraged by the cash price, breeders revived the older style. These were now dubbed Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Cavalier after the Cavalier king. They shot up in popularity and are now a well-known toy breed.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel grows to a height of around 12 to 15 inches and they weigh anywhere between 5 kg to 8 kg. They are one of the larger toy breeds. Their fur is mid-length, and comes in certain combinations like black and tan, tricolor (black, tan, white), chestnut and white, and ruby.
Temperament of A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
These softies with their eyes that melt hearts can come with a range of personalities, from fun-loving and affectionate to reserved and stubborn. A good way to try and understand this is looking at the puppies when they are small. The more rowdy aggressive ones will bully their peers, the more shy ones relegate themselves to a corner. But for the most part, they crave human touch and companionship. They are soft tempered, and respond well to patient and encouraging training.
They like activity due to their athletic nature, but are household dogs. You can’t relegate a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to a room or a backyard as they need to be around people. They’re not the best choice as guard dogs, as they tend to bark whenever they please. They are friendly towards children and strangers.
Lifespan Of A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will live for 10 to 14 years on average.
Are They Hypoallergenic
Unfortunately, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not hypoallergenic. They shed quite regularly, so much so that you’ll have to be ready to vacuum. Regular brushing will reduce shedding and make their coat much softer and tangle-free.
See also: List of Hypoallergenic Dogs
Average Litter Size Of A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will have a litter of 3 to 5 puppies on an average.
What Is The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Like As A Puppy
Due to their soft-tempered nature and sensitive personalities, Cavies can turn out to be shy and quiet. They can become over dependent, leading you to dedicate as much time as possible solely to them. Ensure your puppy gets adequate socialization to ensure this does not happen. As they are naturally athletic and like activity, ensure your puppy can run around in a safe area. But do not try to exercise them as they are too tiny for exercise just yet.
Start easing your pup into training. While Cavalier King Charles Spaniels take well to training, they are likely to take their time with it. You can also enroll your dog into agility classes or other classes when it grows older. This will help with training as well as get them a little less dependent on you. This will help reduce the chances of Separation Anxiety.
Good Diet For Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
Being a small-breed dog, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel needs a balanced diet to keep itself healthy. Protein for your dog should ideally come from deboned chicken and meat, and not from plant based sources. Also ensure your dog gets the right amount of fat in its diet as it provides energy to these small but active dogs. Their active nature demands more food, but never feed them one or two heavy meals a day. Instead, split it into three to four smaller meals.
Unfortunately, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel comes with a lot of health concerns that you should be aware of before you decide to get one. Most of these are inherited.
Mitral Valve Disease – This heart disease is quite common among the breed and is said to affect almost half of all Cavalier King Charles Spaniels by the time they reach 5. There is no visible or obvious symptom, but due to its commonality, you should get your dog routinely checked. Also check with the breeders if and when either of the parents developed the condition.
Syringomyelia – This condition, caused by a malformed skull, affects the brain and spine. Symptoms can range from mild discomfort to yelping out of pain, limping, weakness and partial paralysis. Individuals tend to show symptoms between 6 months old and 3 years old. While some can make do with daily medication, some need to be put to sleep. There is no cure yet for this condition which seems to be unfortunately common in the breed.
Joint Problems – Cavaliers can have hip dysplasia, which is when the thigh bone doesn’t fit properly into the hip bone. They could also have patellar luxation, which is when the knee joint slides in and out of place. Both these are painful conditions and any signs of pain or discomfort must be met with an examination.
Also look out for eye diseases, and ensure their long ears are regularly cleaned and checked for infection.
Things To Take Note Of
Separation Anxiety is a very real thing with Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. These are emotional, sensitive dogs who require your attention and love. If you are someone who isn’t home very often, or who can’t commit themselves to the sometimes needy aspect of this breed, then you may want to get a more independent breed.
Secondly, Cavies don’t do well in hot temperatures. Too much heat can cause dehydration, heat stroke, or even death. Do keep this in mind before you opt for a Cavie. Also ensure there is a little space for your dog to run around and get in its activity. Make sure this is an enclosed area as this breed can get frisky and excitable, running after things.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are truly companion dogs, and you’ll never have a lonely or dull moment with these sweethearts around. But adopting or buying a dog comes with certain responsibilities and you must understand these well before making these pups a part of your life. After all, they’ll only be around for part of your life, but to them, their whole life is you!