The Newfoundland dog is a giant sized breed of dog that comes in shades of black, brown or black-and-white. The Newfoundland dog was first bred as working dogs, to help fishermen in Newfoundland. If you are looking for an intelligent, loyal, teddy-bear sized dog with tremendous strength and a muscular build, the Newfoundland dog is exactly what you need to find out about. This article has everything you need to know.
Is The Newfoundland Dog Popular In India?
The Newfoundland dog is popular across the world for its power and intelligence. Its popularity is because of its excellence in activities such as rescue or life saving techniques, and the ability to swim. The Newfoundland dog is popular in India for its friendliness and it’s endearing appearance. Who doesn’t love a massive cuddly fur-ball of cuteness?
Availability Of The Newfoundland Dog In India
The Newfoundland dog, although very much popular for how it looks and what its characteristics are, is not always available in India. The demand for Newfoundland dogs is relatively lower than other breeds, and that is likely because of its size and certain other requirements.
Price Of A Newfoundland Dog In India
The price of a Newfoundland dog in India is between the range of ₹1,00,000 to ₹3,00,000.
Monthly Maintenance Cost Newfoundlands
The Newfoundland dog has to be groomed regularly in order to take care of its all year round shedding. It is best to groom your Newfoundland dog three to four times a week. Remember to have thick rags of cloth at your house because you will need a lot of those to wipe off their drool, and the dirt on their paws after walks or play times.
The monthly maintenance cost of a Newfoundland dog is expensive, and usually starts at around Rs. 30,000. You can either consider grooming your pet yourself to be able to bond with them all the more, or you can also hire a groomer, which will increase the expenses a bit more.
See also: Most Popular Dog Breeds in India
History and Popularity
The Newfoundland dog has its origins in Newfoundland, and is a descendant of a breed called St. John’s dog. DNA analysis of the Newfoundland dog shows results that say that the breed is related to Canadian breeds such as the Flat Coated Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever and the most common Labradors. In the late nineteenth century, the breed was used by colonial explorers and fishermen for several kinds of work such as hauling carts and pulling the fishnets. The St. John’s dog is known to be the founding breed of what we now know as modern retrievers.
The appearance of the Newfoundland Dog which makes it Molosser-like is perhaps due to the result of Mastiff blood. The Portuguese Mastiffs were most possibly bred with the St John’s breed some time in the sixteenth century.
Characteristics Of A Newfoundland Dog
The Newfoundland dog is strong but quite quiet. The breed is known for its broad and deep chest, and a leveled back. The Newfoundland dog has a thick and slightly curved tail, and small eyes that are generally dark brown in color. It has a muzzle on its head, rounded at the top. Its ears are set back and small in size, quite close to its head. Newfies are giant canines, usually around 6 feet in measurement from tail to nose, once fully grown. The male Newfoundland dogs generally weigh between 60 to 70 kilograms, while the female weights between 45 to 55 kgs.
The double coat of the body is water resistant and thick, and the undercoat is dense. One of the most fascinating aspects of the Newfoundland dog is the strength to even save a drowning person from the sea, in the middle of a storm. Their water resistant outer coat which is long and dense protects them while they are in the water. A special characteristic of the Newfoundland dog is that its jaw is slack and its mouth quite soft, which helps to retrieve without cursing any sort of damage.
The Newfie is a breed that is calm and docile in nature. They are perfect working dogs and extremely loyal and trustworthy. The Newfoundland dog is also known as the “gentle giant” for its sweet temper. They are amazing friends to children. However, it is suggested to not leave too young children with a grown Newfie because they are too large in size. The breed is very well known for its ability in therapy and working as a nanny dog.
Lifespan of Newfoundlands
A Newfoundland dog lives for up to eight to ten years. However, there are exceptional cases where it lives up to fifteen years.
Are Newfoundland Dogs Hypoallergenic
No, the Newfoundland dog is not hypoallergenic. Since they are really furry pooches, expect them to shed a lot. While shedding is not the direct reason for allergies, it sort of acts as a carrier of dander, which is what results in allergic reactions.
See also: List of Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds
Average Litter Size
The average litter size of the Newfoundland dog can be anywhere between 4-12.
What Is The Newfoundland Like As A Puppy
The Newfoundland puppies are large in size, and bring lots of fun because of their clumsiness! The Newfie puppies are completely social and absolutely love the company of humans, and especially young children. It is important to start training your Newfie puppy at a young age, so that they learn how to treat strangers and other necessary day-to-day greetings and other such socialisations.
Good Diet For Newfoundlands
The recommended diet plan for a Newfoundland dog is four to five cups of fry food a day. The food should be of high quality, and the food each day should be divided into two meals. The Newfie puppies require slow and steady growth. The recommended protein percentage for Newfoundland puppies is 22 to 24, and the fat percentage should be 12 to 15.
There are various health concerns associated with the Newfoundland dog. This breed is prone to common issues such as dysplasia as well as elbow dysplasia. The Newfoundland dog is also known to have a hereditary defect which leads to formation of calculi stones in their bladders, and the subvalvular aortic stenosis which is a very serious heart problem.
1. Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disease which is caused due to the high concentrations of amino acid cystine in the dog’s urine. This further forms cystine stones in the bladder, the ureter and the kidneys.
2. Subvalvular aortic stenosis or SAS is an abnormal congenital heart murmur which is caused by subaortic stenosis. It is similar to a heart attack, and can lead to death especially in puppies. This health concern is found in a lot of other large and giant dog breeds like Golden Retriever, English Bulldog, Rottweiler, German Shorthaired Pointer and others. The abnormality obstructs the heart to pump blood to the body, and the pumping speed tends to become higher, which further causes pressure in the aorta.
3. Addison’s Disease, also known as hypoadrenocorticism, is a condition where there is an insufficiency of the production of adrenal hormones. Due to this condition, the Newfoundland dog may have the symptoms of vomiting, lethargy and a poor appetite.
4. There are various eye problems that Newfies may have, including cataracts. Cataracts are caused due to gradual growth in age. Cataracts in younger Newfies can be treated through surgeries.
5. Cherry eye is another eye problem found in Newfoundland dogs which is an infection in the third eyelid glands. This condition, too, can be surgically dealt with.
Things To Take Note Of
The Newfoundland dog may be extremely huge in size, but that is also the amount of sweetness the breed has in store for you! The Newfoundland dog loves swimming and playing in water. They are also thirsty a lot, so it is important that you make sure your pet has plenty of access to drinking water. If you are looking forward to having a Newfoundland dog as your companion, be ready for drools and splashed water all around!