The name “Papillon” means “butterfly shaped” which is a reference to the outward flowy shape of the ears of this dog. There is nothing cuter than when this dog looks at you with its slight head tilt. Combine this tiny sized pooch with its endearing appearance, and it becomes hard to not consider getting one of the four-legged friends home. So if you are looking to raise a Papillon, you must keep the following things in mind.
Is The Papillon Dog Popular In India?
The Papillon enjoys a decent amount of popularity in India. Its coat makes it adaptable to hot and humid weather though it would need some dog clothes for the colder months.
Availability In India
Opt for a certified dog breeder with a good reputation when looking for a dog of foreign breed. This dog is available in India, especially since its rise in popularity in the last few years.
Price Of The Papillon Dog In India
Breeders provide three variations of the Papillon, them being- basic, KCI certified and show quality. While the temperamental attributes of all three variations are the same, there is a rise in the quality of the pooch as you go in that aforementioned order. The basic variation could cost between ₹30,000 to ₹40,000. The KCI certified variety would be priced between ₹40,000 to ₹50,000 and the pooch of show quality could be priced as high as between ₹50,000 ₹80,000.
Monthly Maintenance Cost
Called the ‘wash and wear dog’ because of its silky coat, it is probably one of the most low maintenance dogs you will encounter. Brush the dog once or twice a week and bathe it once a month. Regularly clean out its ears and nose and trim their nails to avoid any infection or discomfort to them. They are very active dogs and hence, would need food rich in protein. The average cost of their monthly maintenance would be Rs 4,500.
History And Popularity
The Papillon falls under the spaniel category of mutts which have been dubbed as, ‘Continental Toy Spaniel’. Its history has been primarily traced through works of art. Sure, the name has French roots, but in reality, both France and their neighbors, Belgium, are considered as the place of origin for the Papillon Dog. To make matters interesting, England is also considered as the place of birth. So it shouldn’t be a surprise that these are the countries where this breed was the most sought after.
There’s actually a painting of Louis XIV and his family that features a Papillon. It was extremely popular with the nobility and the merchant class. But it was only towards the late 19th century that a version of this canine was bred with its ears standing up, which is the version that we know today and can’t stop adoring.
One of the most distinct features of the Papillon is the smooth fur, which is visibly long. However, their undercoat, in contradiction, doesn’t really exist. While their long hair might seem extremely thin, they are actually resilient. Colour and markings are of no importance.
Their ears are their most notable appearance, which are large and well fringed giving them that evident look akin to a butterfly.
As long as their nose, eye rims and lips are black, the dog can be of any colour and have any markings. However, in a show ring, an all white or a no white dog is not accepted.
Temperament Of The Papillon Dog
Somebody once described the Papillon as a ‘big dog in a little package’. They could not have been more apt. The Papillon is not scared of taking on people or things bigger than itself. The dog is intelligent, but as any toy dog, difficult to housebreak. That can be overcome by early training. Their exercise requirement is also greater because of their higher energy levels.
Papillons make for excellent family dogs but they should not be around small children as puppies can be very fragile. If the child is a little older and knows how to be around the dog, then it may be permitted. Do note that Papillons are generally wary of strangers, but that can be taught out in their training period.
As is often the case with dogs that exhibit high levels of intelligence and activeness, they must be given suitable activities and mental stimulation at all times to avoid boredom. Oh, and let’s not forget, Papillons love attention and will cherish the love of their owner and reciprocate it in equal measure if not more.
The lifespan of the Papillon can be up to 12-15 years, full of cute head tilts and butterfly ears.
Average Litter Size
The average litter of the Papillon is 2-4 puppies.
Are Papillon Dogs Hypoallergenic
No, they are not hypoallergenic though they don’t shed much. It is advised to brush their coat 2-3 times a week and clean them twice a month. Vacuum the house and clean their toys and bed once every two weeks.
See also: List of Hypoallergenic Dogs
What Is The Papillon As A Puppy
This small sturdy dog is somewhat fragile as a puppy and must be taken care of accordingly. You can fully expect these intelligent cuties to crave the attention and affection of their owners. Their intelligence means that they are quick learners but they require constant mental activity to keep them occupied. This is a crucial period of training for them. Do not take a harsh tone with the Papillon. It is unnecessary. All they require to learn anything is some patience and love.
Their fragile and delicate physique means that they should not be around small children or other aggressive pets as they may harm the Papillon. Other than this, treat the dog as you would a human baby. Take care of its vaccinations, get it regularly checked, observe for any changes in behaviour or reactions to any new diet and give it lots of attention. That should take care of the Papillon as a puppy.
Good Diet For The Papillon Dog
Papillons prefer natural raw foods over processed dog food. They are a very active breed which belies their small size. They need a diet plan that is high in protein and is supplemented by fruits, vegetables and fibre. Avoid giving them grains or people food.
When they are puppies, you must feed them three small meals a day. As they reach the six months mark, you can reduce the food content to two meals a day with ½ or ¼ meals between the two meals.
The Papillon is not prone to many health issues. However, patellar luxation, a condition where the kneecaps slip out of place is common in them.
Cataracts and dental issues are also seen. They can also develop allergies which leads to itchy skin. Something to remember is that they have delicate digestive systems, so be mindful of the food they are given.
Other Things To Take Care Of
This breed lives a long life. It would help to take that into consideration when deciding to raise one. Since their exercise requirement is high, it’s advisable to hire someone for that, if you don’t have the time or the level of fitness needed. We know we have mentioned this already, but don’t underestimate their intelligence. But at the same time, don’t overestimate it, because the Pappilon does not realize that it is a small dog and will have that reckless element to it. Make sure you go through the training properly. Consult your breeder thoroughly as to the way in which they must be taken care of. Give it lots of love and affection and you have a best friend for life.