India is a land of many wonders. While some of these wonders acquire worldwide fame and recognition, others not so much.
So this is your lucky day as we here at DogBreedo take this opportunity to uncover India’s very own pure breed, the Rajapalayam Dog. This breed of dog sure is a wonder very few of us are aware of but eager to learn more about. So let’s just get straight to it!
Is the Rajapalayam Dog Popular in India ?
As mentioned before, the Rajapalayam Dog is one such breed many individuals, including Indians, are not aware of. In a market saturated with foreign breeds such as Labradors, Cocker Spaniels, German Shepherds and much more, native breeds such as the Rajapalayam tend to get overlooked or misjudged.
Officially recognized by the Kennel Club of India, this breed is pretty popular in the southern states, but not as common as one thinks. In fact, the breed was declared an endangered species due to the fact that not many breeders exist anymore.
See also: List of Popular Dog Breeds
A rare breed in the country, only a few pure breeds exist within pockets in its native state of Tamil Nadu. Therefore it is extremely important to keep in mind to check the legitimacy and ethical principles of the breeder before purchasing or adopting a puppy.
Price of an Rajapalayam Dog in India
Average price for a Rajapalayam Dog is between ₹9,000 to ₹12,000, making this breed extremely affordable than some others.
Monthly Maintenance Cost
Approximately, the monthly maintenance to look after this ancient breed falls between ₹2,000 to ₹4,000. This is because it has minimal needs. Its short and easily manageable coat is a blessing when it comes to grooming. Add to it the fact that the breed doesn’t have many health problems, and maintenance becomes even more easier.
Bathing not more than twice a month and brushing, cleaning of ears, eyes and nails not more than twice a week, is all that is required to maintain this breed.
See also: Dog Breeds’ Price List
History & Popularity
The Rajapalayam Dog hails from the South of the Indian subcontinent, more specifically Tamil Nadu in the state’s Rajapalayam city of Virudhunagar district. The breed is also of royal origin, selectively being bred by kings and commoners alike over centuries for the purposes of hunting and guarding.
During the Nayakar Rule, the dogs were historically reported to have been used for boar hunting and bravely accompanying soldiers during wars. The battles in question were none other than the Polygar and Carnatic wars against the East India Company from during 1799 to 1805, from which the breed got its other name, the Polygar hounds. Interestingly, this name translates to War dog in Tamil.
This majestic breed has a lean muscular build along with a thin tail, long legs and snout and two floppy ears. Besides its adorable little pink nose, the Rajapalayam comes exclusively in only milky white, as this trait was deemed the most desirable to breeders throughout Indian history.
Your average Rajapalayam Dog is about 60-65 cm in size and weighs 25-30 kg for males. Whereas females are about 55-60 cm in size and weigh about 20-25 kg.
Temperament of a Rajapalayam Dog
The Rajapalayam Dog is a loyal friend. It is intelligent, instinctive as well as agile. A born hunter and protector if trained correctly from puppyhood, this breed will make an excellent guard dog.
This breed, though being quite affectionate towards its owner, it is more of a lone wolf. The breed prefers sticking to specific individuals and has a rather aloof nature towards the rest. As such it is recommended, through proper socialization, to get your Rajapalayam familiar with different situations and people like children, elders, big groups, etc.
The Rajapalayam is also an active breed. When bored or unstimulated, the breed tends to get stressed and sometimes even acts out. Therefore at least an hour of exercise in the form of a long walk, runs, games etc. is advised to keep your puppy happy and healthy, both physically and mentally.
The average lifespan of a Rajapalayam Dog is about 9-10 years.
Are Rajapalayam Dogs Hypoallergenic?
The Rajapalayam dog is unfortunately not hypoallergenic. The breed is known to shed a fair amount, especially during its shedding period. They can also produce dander that can prove inconvenient to those dog lovers prone to allergies.
See also: List of Hypoallergenic Dogs
Average Litter Size
The average litter size for the Rajapalayam Dog is about 5-8 puppies.
What is Rajapalayam like as a Puppy?
Loyalty, bravery and grace are the qualities that are meant to describe the ideal Rajapalayam. But, as it is with all puppies, you can’t expect them to just act or think exactly like an adult dog as soon as you bring them home.
Rajapalayam puppies are playful, adorable and mischievous. But don’t be fooled by their cuteness! They require a decent amount of socialization and training to prepare them for the outside world. Being creatures of habit, these little bundles of joy need to have a consistent routine of grooming, exercise and a nutritious diet to help their big bodies grow and develop properly into healthy adults. Consistency is key here as this breed tends to get overwhelmed by sudden or frequent changes.
Start this while they’re still young, otherwise it will be difficult later on. Getting the help of an experienced and skilled trainer is recommended. Also, pay close attention to your pup for any skin diseases or deafness so that you can treat it as soon as possible.
Good Diet for the Rajapalayam Dog
As it is with any dog, it is highly recommended for you to get advised by your veterinarian on the basis of its size and weight. Also pay attention and observe your dog’s preferences and it’s needs.
Otherwise a balanced meal of proteins like chicken, eggs and fish, starches such as rice and vegetables like carrots and pumpkin make excellent meals for your furry friends.
Though the Rajapalayam Dog comes with little to no medical prerequisites, there are a few issues to keep in mind. Deafness, especially in its old age, is one thing the breed is prone to. Other than this, some minor skin issues and other genetic disorders can emerge, especially if gotten from an illegitimate breeder.
The common misconception of Indian breeds being lesser than or not deserving of as much love or respect as the other, more marketable ones, is very disheartening. The Rajapalayam is proof of a rich and varied heritage that comes along with this insanely culturally diverse country. With that being said, there’s no denying that we should be proud to have an opportunity to invite such adorable royalty into our homes.